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“The Voting Behavior in United Nations Institutions towards the Palestinian Cause between 2005-2021”

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Date:5 may 2022

 

“The Voting Behavior in United Nations Institutions towards the Palestinian Cause between 2005-2021”

 

By/ Lawyer Dr. Salah Abdal-Aty

 

 

 

Introduction:

The United Nations and its institutions have played and still an important role in the Palestinian cause, and in this context, the United Nations issued a number of important resolutions in favor of Palestine, whether issued by the General Assembly or the UN Security Council, which stipulate the right to self-determination, the protection of the rights of refugees, the state and the rest of the Palestinian national rights, and criminalize the occupation’s violations. Despite the importance of those resolutions, the occupation state refrained from implementing them. On the other hand, the international community still unable to hold it accountable for its crimes against the Palestinian people, and fails to implement decisions related to the Arab-Israeli conflict.

Heading to the United Nations represents a Palestinian right and entitlement that contributes ending the Israeli occupation, which won’t happen without challenges, headed by an Israeli rejection and the American veto. For this reason and others, the diplomatic workforce must be based on the illegality of the Israeli occupation or the protection of the authority rather than the protection of the rights of the Palestinian people, and on the relevant United Nations resolutions that emphasize the illegality of aggression, settlement, siege and land seizure through war. In addition to activating the “United for Peace” to ensure the protection of civilians within the framework of exercising the right to self-determination, especially in light of the increasing effectiveness of international solidarity campaigns with the Palestinian cause.

This does not mean that we will wake up the next day to find an international system that has been established to protect civilians in the occupied Palestinian territories, but it is another station and course of the political, diplomatic and legal struggle work in the context of the national struggle to end the occupation, in addition to the right of the Palestinians to exercise all forms of resistance guaranteed under international covenants.

Everyone is aware that the Palestinian demand to impose and enforce United Nations resolutions related to the Palestinian cause collides with multiple obstacles, including the Israeli rejection and the American veto in the Security Council, which complicates the possibility of its actual implementation. Nevertheless, the facts confirm the importance of the diplomatic and human rights struggle in the United Nations as part of the diplomatic battle.

Many regional, international and even Palestinian political variables and the change in the balance of power and the international political map, have played a role in influencing the Palestinian cause and the voting behavior of states in the United Nations regarding the Palestinian cause and rights. Therefore, and in view of the lack of studies on voting behavior at the United Nations, this study on the voting behavior of states in light of regional and international changes, analyzes and provides ways to remedy the decrease in the number of votes in support of the rights of the Palestinians.

First: Study environment:

The United Nations affirms that the Palestinian people live under occupation, and that the Palestinians live in a state of frustration and lack of political solutions, however, these assertions lack a vision for a political solution to progress towards enabling the Palestinians to obtain their rights.

Despite the importance of this, the correction in favor of issues that concern the Palestinian people in the face of the occupation has witnessed a noticeable decline in the volume of international and European interaction with it in light of the rush of many Arab countries to normalize with the occupation, where resolutions related to Palestine received the support of about 136 votes years ago, while at the present time it hardly receives no more than support 99 votes[1].

The internal Palestinian factor and the decline in the ability of the Palestinian political system to deal with the challenges facing the Palestinian cause also played a role in the decline in the voting behavior of many states in the United Nations and its institutions regarding the Palestinian cause.

Second: Study importance:

The importance of this study stems from the widening challenges and acceleration of conspiracies targeting the Palestinian cause and rights, especially during the “ Trump” term, were he recognized occupied and united Jerusalem as the capital of the occupation, he froze his country’s funding to UNRWA, increased in the number of Arab countries normalizing with the occupation, in addition to neglecting the Palestinian file at the expense of the conflict with China, Russia and the rest of the files.

The importance of the study also lies in light of the weakness of the official Palestinian influence tools in utilizing the spaces that Palestine occupies in the international community.

Third: Study objectives:

The study aspires to achieve the following objectives:

  1. A deeper understanding of the voting process in United Nations institutions.
  2. Monitoring the most prominent decisions submitted regarding the Palestinian cause during the study period.
  3. Determining the changes in the voting behavior of states during the study period.
  4. Identifying and analyzing the causes and contexts of change in the voting behavior of states during the study period.
  5. Presenting possible scenarios to the decision-maker that would restore the balance of correction in favor of the Palestinian cause, thus enhancing the status of the Palestinian cause in the international community.

Fourth: Key issue:

This research attempts to answer the following main question: To what extent have international, regional and Palestinian conditions played a role in influencing voting behavior in favor of the rights of the Palestinian people?

This question includes a number of the following sub-questions:

  1. What are the most prominent decisions submitted regarding the Palestinian cause between 2005/2021?
  2. What are the changes in the voting behavior of states during the study period?
  3. What are the reasons behind the change in the voting behavior of states during the study period?
  4. How to influence states to regain their vote in favor of the Palestinian cause?

Fifth: Study methodology:

The study relies on the descriptive analytical approach in terms of reviewing the voting behavior in the United Nations with regard to the Palestinian cause, analyzing this behavior to find out its details, the reasons behind the decline in the voting process, and measuring its repercussions on the Palestinian cause and rights.

Sixth: Study delimitations: During the time period from 2005 to 2021.

Seventh: Study Axes: The first axis: the most prominent decisions issued by the United Nations institutions regarding the Palestinian cause, and monitoring the change in international attitudes towards decisions during the study period. The second axis: analysis of the change in the voting behavior of states and its causes, especially those that supported the Palestinian cause in earlier stages.

 

The first axis

United Nations resolutions on the Palestinian cause.

The change in raising Palestinian issues and the international voting track.

  1. General Assembly:

Although the General Assembly embodies the broadest and legitimate representation of states, it lacks any serious powers to take binding decisions, and its role is limited to providing non-binding recommendations to the Security Council[2].

The repeated uses of veto led to the General Assembly to issue recommendations on outstanding issues and to establish committees and mechanisms working to activate the collective security system, based on Resolution 377 “Uniting for Peace” issued in 1950[3].

The Korean War gave a new dimension to this issue, as it called on the General Assembly to convene in an emergency session in order to save peace based on the decision of “Uniting for Peace” by taking the role of the Assembly in place of the Council, where the General Assembly approved by a two-thirds majority of the United Nations forces to cross the 38° line dividing the North and South Korea, and later, to override the Soviet Union’s repeated veto, South Korea was granted permanent membership in the United Nations.[4]

We believe that the mechanism “Uniting for Peace” may be one of the important options for the Palestinian people that must be tested, in light of the widespread support for the justice and rights of the Palestinian people in the General Assembly, it also constitutes a bypassing the obstacle of the American veto, which require concerting Arab and Palestinian diplomatic efforts to persuade members of the General Assembly to support Palestinian demands and to impose sanctions on Israel.[5]

The research shows a set of resolutions related to the Palestinian cause issued by the General Assembly as follows:

  1. Resolutions of the General Assembly relating to the Palestinian cause:
  2. The most prominent permanent resolutions of the General Assembly related to the Palestinian cause between 2005 to 2010:
permanent resolutions 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
In favor against abstained In favor against abstained In favor against abstained In favor against abstained In favor against abstained In favor against abstained
Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People 106 8 59 107 7 62 109 8 55 107 8 57 109 8 55 112 9 54
Report of the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the Occupied Territories 86 10 74 90 9 81 93 8 74 94 8 73 92 9 74 94 9 72
Applicability of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War of 12 August 1949 to the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and to other occupied Arab territories 158 6 7 165 7 10 169 6 3 173 6 1 168 6 4 169 6 2
Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including Jerusalem, and in the occupied Syrian Golan 153 7 10 162 8 10 165 7 5 171 6 2 167 7 3 169 6 3
The right of the Palestinian people to self-determination 170 5 1 176 5 5 176 5 4 173 5 7
Quds 153 7 12 157 6 10 160 6 7 163 6 6 163 7 5 166 6 4
Relief and Works for Palestinian Refugees 161 1 11 no vote 170 6 3 172 6 1 167 6 4 169 6 2

 

It is clear from the above table; that during the time period between 2005 to 2010 that the General Assembly of the United Nations has kept on raising permanent issues related to the right of the Palestinian people to self-determination; Jerusalem, Palestinian refugees and Israeli practices. These decisions received an average vote of 160 from member states; This voting block did not differ much from the previous years for the time period referred to above despite the increase in the number of member states, which required an increase and a rise in the global support for the rights of the Palestinian people.

 

 

  1. General Assembly resolutions related to the Palestinian cause between 2011 – 2015:
permanent resolutions 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
In favor against abstained In favor against abstained In favor against abstained In favor against abstained In favor against abstained
Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People 114 9 54 107 7 56 110 7 56 93 7 56 100 9 55
Report of the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the Occupied Territories 86 9 75 98 8 72 95 8 75 88 9 79 92 9 75
Applicability of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War of 12 August 1949 to the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and to other occupied Arab territories 162 7 4 171 6 3 196 6 7 no vote 163 6 8
Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including Jerusalem, and in the occupied Syrian Golan 164 7 2 169 5 6 167 6 9 159 7 12 161 7 8
The right of the Palestinian people to self-determination 182 7 3 197 7 3 no vote no vote no vote
Quds no vote 162 7 6 162 6 8 144 6 10 153 7 8
Relief and Works for Palestinian Refugees 165 7 2 172 6 1 170 6 6 166 6 6 169 6 5

It is clear that the General Assembly has kept on raising the permanent issues related to the right of the Palestinian people to self-determination; Jerusalem, Palestinian refugees and Israeli practices, despite the Israeli attempts that succeeded in some years to change the permanent schedule of meetings of the United Nations General Assembly by deleting some issues and draft, and which confirms this conviction is that the decisions received an average vote of 130 member states. This means that the voting mass is less than the previous years for the time period referred to above.

permanent resolutions 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
In favor against abstained In favor against abstained In favor against abstained In favor against abstained In favor against abstained
Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People 100 9 55 103 10 57 100 12 62 92 13 61 92 13 61
Report of the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the Occupied Territories 91 11 73 83 10 77 84 10 78 81 13 80 83 14 76
Applicability of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War of 12 August 1949 to the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and to other occupied Arab territories 168 6 6 157 7 10 158 6 14 No vote No vote
Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including Jerusalem, and in the occupied Syrian Golan 165 6 7 155 7 12 154 6 15 157 7 15 76 14 83
The right of the Palestinian people to self-determination 177 7 4 No vote 172 6 11 167 5 11 168 5 10
Quds 149 7 8 151 6 9 148 11 14 No vote No vote
Relief and Works for Palestinian Refugees No vote 162 6 7 159 5 12 167 6 7 169 4 9

iii.      Permanent resolutions of the General Assembly related to the Palestinian cause between 2016 to 2020:

 

It is clear from the above table that during the time period from 2016 to 2020, the voting behavior on United Nations General Assembly resolutions has witnessed a noticeable decrease in the voting behavior in favor of issues related to Palestinian affairs and rights; On the other hand, the number of states (abstaining from voting) increased, which indicates the decline of Palestinian diplomacy and its failure to maintain stability. This voting behavior was accompanied by an increase in the scope of Arab normalization on the one hand, and an increase in African diplomatic relations with the Zionist entity, and countries that have traditional attitudes toward the Palestinian cause are often satisfied with the role of negative neutral.

 

 

Second: The most prominent resolutions of the Security Council related to the Palestinian cause between 2005 to 2016:

 

  1. The most prominent resolutions of the Security Council related to the Palestinian cause between 2005 to 2016:

 

Resolution Date In favor Against abstained
Emphasizing the vision of the Security Council of a region in which two democratic states (Israel and Palestine) live side by side, within secure and recognized borders, and welcomes the statement issued by the International Quartet on 9/11/2008 and the Palestinian-Israeli understanding at the Annapolis Conference, and the “Road Map”, and refers to the importance of the “Arab Peace Initiative” for the year 2002. 2008 14 1 0
Calls for an immediate and lasting cease-fire in Gaza, the withdrawal of the Israeli army, and the provision of humanitarian aid to the residents of the Gaza Strip. 2009 14 0 1
Condemns the construction and expansion of settlements, land confiscation, house demolitions and the displacement of Palestinian civilians in the Palestinian territory occupied since 1967, including East Jerusalem 2016 14 0 1

Over the time period from 2005 to 2020, Palestinian diplomacy did not succeed in overriding the American veto to many of the resolutions presented to the Security Council related to Palestinian rights and affairs. Although the administration of Barack Obama tried to perform behavior other than veto, it used a new tactic in the council, by obstructing the access of any project for public discussion in the Council, or what is technically known as (procedural veto); This was reinforced by the fierce behavior of the administration of Trump, to which he added public threats to countries to prevent them from voting in favor of Palestine.

 

 

Third: Resolutions of the Human Rights Council related to the Palestinian cause:

  1. Human Rights Council:
  2. The most prominent resolutions of the Human Rights Council related to the Palestinian cause between 2005 to 2010:

 

Resolutions 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
In favor against abstained In favor against abstained In favor against abstained In favor against abstained In favor against abstained
Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and in the occupied Syrian Golan. 45 1 1 Not listed 46 1 0 46 1 0 46 1 0
The human rights situation in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem. 34 1 1 No vote

 

No vote

 

25 6 11 29 6 11
The right of the Palestinian people to self-determination. Not listed Not listed No vote

 

No vote

 

45 1 0

 

At this stage, the Palestinian diplomacy succeeded in a limited way by moving the International Human Rights Council to raise and vote effectively on issues of Israeli violations and the rights of the Palestinian people. In a way that ensured the Council continuation to condemn Israeli policies and procedures, and perhaps the most dangerous thing that could be recorded during this period was the contribution of Palestinian diplomacy to the postponement of the vote on Judge Goldstone’s report on the Israeli aggression on the Gaza Strip in 2008-2009. Despite the approval of the report later, but this behavior shocked the countries of the world that support the Palestinian cause and all the free people and human rights activists in Palestine and the world.

 

Resolutions 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
In favor against abstained In favor against abstained In favor against abstained In favor against abstain In favor ضد ممتنع
Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and in the occupied Syrian Golan. 45 1 0 36 1 10 44 1 2 46 1 0 45 1 1
The human rights situation in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem. 30 1 15 46 1 0 46 1 0 46 1 0 43 1 3
The right of the Palestinian people to self-determination. 45 1 0 46 1 0 46 1 0 46 1 0 45 1 1
  1. The most prominent resolutions of the Human Rights Council related to the Palestinian cause between 2011 to 2015:

 

The previous and other decisions coincided with the launch of the State 194 project as a basic project for Palestinian diplomacy and with an escalation of Israeli violations in the occupied Palestinian territories. With the Palestinian accession to a number of basic human rights treaties, the pace at which resolutions related to the Palestinian cause and Palestinian rights are put to the council’s table has become more important, where the resolutions received a significant voter turnout, but this did not prevent some states (such as the United States of America and Canada) from voting against these resolutions, which included the formation of international fact-finding committees on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, although there was a pattern of a rise in the number of abstaining states due to the composition of the elected council, the Palestinian and Arab performance, and the nature of consultations on decisions.

 

  • The most prominent resolutions of the Human Rights Council related to the Palestinian cause between 2016 to 2020:
Prominent resolutions 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
In favor against abstained In favor against abstained In favor against abstained In favor against abstained In favor against abstained
Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and in the occupied Syrian Golan. 32 0 15 36 2 9 34 4 8 32 5 10 36 2 9
The human rights situation in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem. 42 0 5 41 2 4 41 3 2 39 3 5 42 2 3
The right of the Palestinian people to self-determination. No vote 42 2 2 43 2 1 41 3 2 43 2 2

 

The study period witnessed the continuation of the Palestinian focus on bringing Palestinian issues to the table of the Palestinian Human Rights Council, especially war crimes, crimes against humanity and violations of the Israeli occupation, which are escalating in light of the transition of the United States from the level of bias to the level of partnership, and despite all the pressure exerted by the occupation state and the United States, but the Human Rights Council continued to condemn and criminalize the Israeli occupation, which led to American and Israeli resentment reaching the point of accusing the Council of non-neutrality and anti-Semitism; However, the period from 2016 to 2020 compared to the previous period and despite the formation of a commission to investigate the crimes of the occupation against the peaceful demonstrators in the Great Return March and the Council’s issuance of a number of important decisions in favor of Palestine, the voting behavior in favor of decisions related to the Palestinian cause decreased. This indicates a decline in the success of Palestinian diplomacy.

 

 

second axis

Monitoring the change in international attitudes towards decisions during the study period:

Although the majority of the votes of members in the various United Nations institutions were in favor of supporting the steadfastness of the Palestinian people, some resolutions were voted on in a negative way, in other words, the number of votes in support of resolutions related to the Palestinian cause decreased, especially among members of the United Nations General Assembly and members of the Council human rights.

In this axis of the study, the researcher shows the ratio of voting on the resolutions issued by the Human Rights Council, the UN Security Council and the General Assembly of the United Nations, and shows the ratio of voting on them and the extent to which the ratio of voting in favor of the Palestinian cause varies, increase and decrease.

First: Determining the ratio of voting in favor of the Palestinian cause in the institutions of the United Nations.

The maximum number of votes supporting the resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly in 2006 reached 170, while in 2020, the maximum number of votes did not exceed 169, knowing that this ratio of votes was only available in one resolution, while the majority of votes on the rest of the resolutions did not exceed 155 votes.

Looking at the number of votes supporting the steadfastness of the Palestinian people in 2018 and 2017, we find that the ratio of votes is much lower compared to the number of votes in support in 2006, where the ratio of votes in support of resolutions did not reach 160, and given the number of resolutions issued and voted on during that period, we find that a group of these resolutions did not exceed 90 votes in favor, meaning that there are approximately 80 votes belonging to 80 member states of the United Nations General Assembly that did not support draft resolutions that guarantee the rights of the Palestinian people.

As for 2013 to 2016, we find that the voter turnout on United Nations resolutions related to the Palestinian cause was more than 170, while in 2020 and 2019, the maximum vote ratio did not exceed 169 votes, except in some resolutions, the number of votes was only 170 and did not exceed this number, while the maximum number of votes of members in the Human Rights Council at the United Nations between 2006 and 2021 reached 46 votes, with resolutions supporting the rights of the Palestinian people.

However, by looking at the number of these votes and the ratio of votes, we find that it has witnessed a sharp decline in recent years, as resolutions were issued by the Council in 2021, and the number of votes for states supporting the resolutions was only 24 votes, 22 votes less than before[6]. The researcher believes that this sharp decline in the number of votes supporting the rights of the Palestinian people is a dangerous matter, and there is also a fear of condemning the resistance of the Palestinian people, in light of the attempts to confuse legitimate resistance with terrorism.

As for the UN Security Council, despite the clear belief of most of its members in the legitimate Palestinian rights, the American veto continued to confiscate all resolutions supporting the Palestinian cause, thus blocking the way for the international community to fulfill its obligations.

The State of Palestine is unable to protect its citizens from the violations and crimes of the occupation, and hence the responsibility lies with the international community to provide protection to the Palestinian people who are under Israeli occupation.

Perhaps the Palestinian cause, as the fairest cause in the universe, requires mobilizing and unifying the efforts of all Palestinian and societal forces and the free world to form a front against projects that undermine Palestinian rights and work to test the uniting for peace to bypass the selectivity and politicization of the work of the Security Council, and to ensure the replacement of the logic of interests and brute force with the logic of international human rights law and the rules of international humanitarian law and public international law as a basis for action at the international level

Second: The reasons for the decline in the ratio of votes in favor of the Palestinian cause before the United Nation Institutions:

In an attempt to analyze and explain the reasons for the decline in the vote in favor of the Palestinian cause at the United Nations and the decline in the number of abstained states in most cases, a number of reasons appear to us, the most important of which are:

  • Singularity in managing public affairs, the state of political division, the weakness of the authority and the PLO, the absence of a clear Palestinian political position represented by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the authority’s representatives to various countries and ambassadors to the United Nations, and the failure to develop a strategy to work to win the votes of the member states.
  • Neglecting the Palestinian Authority and not relying on the opinions of international legal scholars and senior politicians in setting plans.
  • A group of Arab countries rushed to normalization.
  • The rise of the right and populism in Europe and the United States.
  • The decline of Palestine’s relationship with African countries, and the increase in Israeli attraction to these countries.
  • The Palestinian cause is no longer a central issue that receives unanimity from African and Latin American countries as it was.
  • The blatant American support and bias for the occupation state.
  • The verbal support of the European countries for Palestinian rights.
  • The exploitation of the inexperience of the Palestinian Authority and the weakness of the Palestinian diplomatic representation.
  • The Palestinian feeling and the feeling of some countries about the uselessness of international mechanisms in general and international protection in particular.
  • The Palestinian National Authority continues to link all diplomatic tracks with the negotiation with the occupier.

 

Conclusion:

Although the occupation state has committed, throughout its history, war crimes and crimes against humanity, its leaders and soldiers have always been and still go unpunished, and hundreds of relevant international resolutions have not been implemented, but the conflict is still going on in every international and regional body with the Israeli occupation, which is trying forbid countries from supporting Palestinian rights.

Despite the outstanding activity of Israeli diplomacy and the breakthroughs in Africa, the continent still supports the Palestinian cause by voting on resolutions related to the Palestinian cause, and the abstention of several African countries from voting in favor of the Palestinians, for example, in the decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. On the other hand, the major bloc that voted in favor of Palestine can’t be ignored.[7]

In addition to Palestine’s heading the Group of 77 + China at the United Nations, which had a positive impact in strengthening Palestine’s position among the countries that make up a large bloc in the United Nations, but this development did not benefit Palestine in a way that enables it to express and protect the interests of the group’s countries.

The state of the Palestinian division allowed for more regional interference in the Palestinian issue, which in turn affected the collective performance of the Palestinians, and their regional and international relations.

Also, the decline of left-wing governments and parties in Latin America and the rise of right-wing governments and their declaration of support for Israel also played a role in the decline in the level of voting, although the Palestinian cause had no role in these political transformations.

Perhaps the foregoing indicates the decline and weakness of the national movement and the decline in the relations of the Palestinian parties with Arab and African parties in Europe, Latin America, China and other countries, which has led and will lead to the weakening of the Palestinian movements and the absence of integration between official and popular work.

The speech and practices of the authority have been characterized by duplication and contradiction between adhering to Oslo and the option of negotiations with the leaders of the occupation and coordination with them, and the use of international mechanisms, which created a clear contradiction between the strategy of agreements and negotiations and recognition of the legitimacy of the occupation, and between the strategy of internationalizing the conflict and extracting more decisions.

The lack of good interaction with regional and international variables and the absence of reconciliation contributed to negatively affecting the status of the Palestinian cause and in turn affected the ratio of voting in favor of the Palestinian cause.

First: Results:

  1. The decline in the ratio of voting in the United Nations in favor of the Palestinian cause, especially in recent years, is a dangerous indicator that should be remedied.
  2. That the United States of America sided in most cases against the rights of the Palestinian people.
  3. The efforts of the Israeli occupation state, the United States of America and some of the countries that support it to change some concepts in international law, which caused a decline in the voter turnout.
  4. The Palestinian diplomacy did not work to form a wall against the Israeli incursions in Africa, Europe or Latin America, the role of official diplomacy was absent, and digital and popular diplomacy declined.
  5. The principle of the internationalization of the conflict is still shrouded in ambiguity, in light of the lack of sufficient knowledge of its international and regional legal and human rights framework.
  6. The Palestinian leadership dealt with the United Nations with a kind of seasonality.
  7. The authority or organization has not on any occasion requested to provide support and work hard to activate protection, boycott and accountability pathways at the national, regional and international levels.
  8. Delaying and slowing down the process of holding the occupation leaders accountable.
  9. The continuation of the repercussions of exclusivity in managing public affairs and the continuation of the internal Palestinian division.

Second: Recommendations:

  1. Building a national strategy based on the internationalization of the conflict.
  2. The need for the Palestinian Authority to work to win over the member states of the United Nations in its favor.
  3. The necessity for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to intensify and invest its diplomatic efforts with African and Asian countries to win the vote at the United Nations and to strengthen the Palestinian effort and its integration with the Arab effort in the United Nations General Assembly.
  4. The necessity of developing the political skills of representatives of the Palestinian Authority around the world.
  5. Activate all international mechanisms to provide protection for Palestinian civilians, and ensure Israel’s accountability for its crimes.
  6. Calling on the Security Council to assume all its responsibilities in addressing the Israeli war crimes, and the heavy damage they caused to the civilian population.
  7. Calling upon the states of the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention, to work on obligating the Israeli occupation to respect and implement its provisions within the occupied Palestinian territories.
  8. Public and practical confrontation based on knowledge and agreement of the American-Israeli plan.
  9. The need for the Palestinian leadership to officially dismantle the provisions and restrictions of the Oslo Agreement.
  10. Building strategic directions in which roles are integrated to ensure a distinguished level of work with all international actors and free people around the world and mobilize all national, international, institutional and popular energies and expertise in order to move independently at the level of the United Nations.
  11. The Palestinian leadership must continue to join international bodies and agreements in accordance with a national plan and a comprehensive national strategy based on the use of all means and diplomatic and political movements and tools aimed at isolating, boycotting and holding the Israeli occupation accountable.

References:

  • Ashraf Seyam, Uniting for Peace resolution. Is it a Possible Way to Protect Palestinians, Birzeit University, 2011.
  • Ahmed Abu Al-Wafa, The Human Rights Protection System in the United Nations and Specialized International Agencies, The Egyptian Journal of International Law, p. 54, 1998.
  • Saleh Zaid Qasilah, International Criminal Protection Guarantees for Human Rights, Second Edition, Dar Al-Nahda Al-Arabiya, Cairo, 2009.
  • Nasser Al-Rayes, The Palestinian Dtainees and the Palestinian National Strategy to Be Implemented for their Protection, Third Annual Conference entitled Strategies of Resistance, 2014.
  • United Nations website. https://www.un.org/en/
  • Muhammad Al-Saeed Al-Daqqaq, United Nations and Regional Organizations, Dar Al-Maaref, Alexandria, undated.
  • Khairy Ahmed Al-Kabbash, Criminal Protection of Human Rights, A Comparative Study in the Light of the Provisions of Islamic Sharia, Constitutional Principles, and International Conventions, First Edition, Mansh`at Al-Maaref, Alexandria, 2002.
  • Efraim Sneh, Israel after 2000, translated by Al-Baqouri, First Edition, Merritt House for Publishing and Information, Cairo, 2002.
  • Resolution No. 63/93, General Assembly of the United Nations, published on 12/18/2008. https://bit.ly/31rbbGO
  • Providing assistance to the Palestinian people, United Nations General Assembly. https://bit.ly/2F5aVDP
  • Resolution No. 57/52, Providing assistance to Palestinian refugees, United Nations General Assembly. https://bit.ly/2F5aVDP
  • Resolution No. 70/83, Providing Assistance to Palestinian Refugees, United Nations General Assembly, Publication Date 12/15/2015, https://bit.ly/2KJV5Cw
  • Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs “OCHA”. https://bit.ly/2KdfmAC
  • Palestine Newspaper, Did Supporters of the Palestinian Cause decrease at the United Nations? December 4, 2018, https://cutt.us/OD1qO
  • List of countries that voted “in favor” and “against” the Jerusalem decision, Sky News Arabia, 12/21/2017. bit.ly/2NrzWQq
  • Arab Foreign Ministers to Confront Israeli Plots in Africa, Al-Hayat Al-London, 6/3/2019. bit.ly/2RXGdC9
  • Will the pro-Palestine decrease at the United Nations, Palestine Newspaper: https://felesteen.news/p/38455
  • Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki

 

[1] Palestine Newspaper, Have supporters of the Palestinian cause retreat at the United Nations?, December 4, 2018, https://cutt.us/OD1qO

[2] Saleh Zaid Qasila, International Criminal Protection Guarantees for Human Rights, 2nd Edition, Dar Al-Nahda Al-Arabiya, Cairo, 2009.

[3] Nasser Al Rayes, The Palestinian Prisoners and the Palestinian National Strategy to Be Implemented for their Protection, Third Annual Conference entitled Strategies of Resistance, 2014.

[4] Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Korean War.

[5] Ashraf Seyam, The Union for Peace Decision, Is it a Possible Way to Protect Palestinians, Birzeit University, 2011.

[6] List of countries that voted “in favor” and “against” the Jerusalem decision, Sky News Arabia, 12/21/2017. bit.ly/2NrzWQq

[7] Arab Foreign Ministers to Confront Israeli Plots in Africa, Al-Hayat Al-London, 6/3/2019. bit.ly/2RXGdC9

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199 Human Rights Networks and Organizations Call to put an end to the Zionist aggression against Gaza, and to the international and Arab cover-up it enjoys Protecting the Palestinian people from continued aggression  

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Date: 11 Aug 2022

Press Release

199 Human Rights Networks and Organizations Call to put an end to the Zionist aggression against Gaza, and to the international and Arab cover-up it enjoys

Protecting the Palestinian people from continued aggression

 

The aggressions of the occupying Zionist entity, as a colonial and apartheid regime, are intensifying against the Palestinian people, encouraged by international complicity, the indifference of the United Nations institutions, and the betrayal of some Arab regimes that have thrown themselves into a frenzied normalization with it. The various governments of the occupation have exploited this silence to persist in their repressive policies and consolidate their project of subjugation by continuing to violate the national and political rights of the Palestinian people and confiscating their right to exist.

Thus, the occupying power persists in its denial of the Palestinian people’s right to freedom and national independence, just like other peoples in the world.

The crimes committed in this aggression, and in the previous attacks on Gaza – that of May 2021, in which 240 Palestinians were killed, including 151 civilians, and the 2014 aggression, which resulted in the death of a total of 2,192 Palestinians, including 524 children – constitute a flagrant violation of the United Nations Charter and international law, international humanitarian law, international human rights law and all international norms. They are considered crimes of aggression, war crimes, crimes against humanity, crimes of genocide, terrorism and other acts criminalized by international law.

As part of its aggression and its quest to externalize its internal crises, the Israeli state of aggression and apartheid has launched a new attack against the Palestinians, targeting women, children and the elderly indiscriminately. In order to transfer its crisis, it attempted to provide political cover for this new brutal aggression against Gaza and the previous attacks in the West Bank, especially in Jerusalem, Jenin and Nablus, by accelerating the pace of normalization with some Arab regimes and signing the so-called “Jerusalem Declaration”.

The Friday, August 5 aggression on Gaza targeted citizens and civilian facilities, as well as structures necessary for life in the Gaza Strip, which has been subjected to a suffocating blockade for 17 years and living conditions that deprive Palestinians of their right to life. This blockade is an inhumane act that violates all rules and norms of international law.

The signatories express their refusal to consider the Israeli aggression as “self-defense” and condemn the supporters of this position, as well as all those who help the Israeli colonial state to escape accountability before the International Criminal Court, and consider them accomplices in the aggression against the Palestinian people, who have been struggling for decades for their legitimate and inviolable rights, as guaranteed by International Law, starting with their right to independence.

The signatories salute the Palestinian people who are resisting to defend their homeland, and they salute their courageous struggle to conquer freedom.

The signatories call on all international organizations and institutions that defend Human Rights and the Rights of Peoples:

  • to intervene with their governments to put pressure on the occupying state to stop its aggression against the civilian population, especially children, women and the elderly.
  • to intervene urgently and immediately with international organizations, in particular the United Nations, to invite them:
  • to assume their role in the immediate and definitive cessation of the Israeli attacks which are regularly repeated, and this by forcing the occupier to comply with the resolutions of international legitimacy.
  • to put an end to their double standards in the treatment of the rights of the Palestinian people.
  • to declare an arms trade embargo with the occupying and apartheid state, as it threatens international peace and security, and to call for the cessation of all trade relations with this state
  • to do everything possible to ensure that the signatory states of the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 fulfill their commitments by condemning the grave breaches as defined by the terms of the convention
  • to oblige the occupying power to comply with the rules of International Humanitarian Law, and to assume its international obligation to protect the civilian population, in addition to ensuring the satisfaction of its needs in terms of basic necessities, starting with medical products and equipment and fuel – these concerns primarily the residents of the Gaza Strip – and this in accordance with articles (55) and (56) of the Fourth Convention
  • to put pressure on the Israeli entity through Security Council decisions taken on the basis of Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, so as to demand from the occupying power the immediate lifting of the blockade of the Gaza Strip
  • to demand an end to all de facto annexation measures carried out by the apartheid state, whether in occupied Jerusalem or in the rest of the West Bank. This annexation is carried out through the forced displacement of the local Palestinian population, through the expansion of settlements, in violation of International Humanitarian Law. This violation extends to the infringement of spiritual sites committed by the apartheid state.
  • To compel the apartheid occupation state to end its widespread practice of extrajudicial killings.

The signatories call on women’s rights organizations and institutions to

  • to act for security and peace, based on Security Council Resolution 1325 and related resolutions, as well as the general recommendations of the Commission on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the Fourth Convention and the First Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions, as well as the norms of International Humanitarian Law and the 1995 Beijing Platform for Action, to ensure the safety and protection of all Palestinian people.

The signatories call on the Palestinian Authority to immediately refer the matter to the International Criminal Court in order to hold the occupation accountable for its crimes, and stress the importance of using all the resources of international justice to ensure the non-impunity of Zionist war criminals, based on the principle of International Humanitarian Law that war crimes are not subject to any statute of limitations.

The Arab peoples, human rights and civil institutions, political and union parties, especially women’s institutions, in the countries that joined the so-called Jerusalem Declaration, moved to pressure their governments to withdraw from such an announcement, which paved the way for the current aggression.

 

199 Réseaux et organisations des droits de l’homme appellent à Mettre un terme à l’agression sioniste contre Gaza, et à la couverture internationale et arabe dont elle bénéficie

Protéger le peuple palestinien des agressions incessantes qu’il subit

Les agressions de l’entité sioniste occupante, en tant que régime colonial et d’apartheid, s’intensifient contre le peuple palestinien, encouragée par la complicité internationale, l’indifférence des institutions des Nations Unies, et la trahison de certains régimes arabes qui se sont jetés dans une normalisation effrénée avec elle. Les différents gouvernements de l’occupation ont exploité ce silence pour persister dans leurs politiques répressives et consolider leur projet d’assujettissement en continuant à violer les droits nationaux et politiques du peuple palestinien et en lui confisquant son droit à l’existence.

Ainsi, la puissance occupante persiste dans son déni au droit du peuple palestinien à la liberté et à l’indépendance nationale, à l’instar des autres peuples du monde.

Les crimes commis lors de cette agression, et lors des précédentes attaques contre Gaza – celle de mai 2021, au cours de laquelle 240 Palestiniens ont été tués, dont 151 civils, et l’agression de 2014, qui a entraîné la mort d’un total de 2 192 Palestiniens, dont 524 enfants – constituent une violation flagrante de la Charte des Nations Unies et du droit international, du droit international humanitaire, du droit international des droits de l’Homme ainsi que de toutes les normes internationales. Ils sont considérés comme des crimes d’agression, des crimes de guerre, des crimes contre l’humanité, des crimes de génocide, de terrorisme et autres actes incriminés par le droit international.

Dans le cadre de son agression et sa quête à externaliser ses crises internes, le l’Etat d’agression et d’apartheid israélien a lancé une nouvelle attaque contre les Palestiniens, ciblant les femmes, les enfants et les personnes âgées sans distinction. Afin de transférer sa crise, il a tenté d’assurer une couverture politique à cette nouvelle agression brutale contre Gaza et aux précédents attentats en Cisjordanie, notamment à Jérusalem, Jénine et Naplouse, par une accélération du rythme de la normalisation avec quelques régimes arabes et la signature de la soi-disant « Déclaration de Jérusalem ».

L’agression du vendredi 5 août sur Gaza a visé des citoyens et des installations civiles, ainsi que des structures nécessaires à la vie dans la bande de Gaza, soumise à un blocus étouffant depuis dix-sept ans et à des conditions de vie qui privent les palestiniens de leur droit à la vie. Ce blocus est un acte inhumain qui viole toutes les règles et normes du droit international.

Les signataires expriment leur refus de considérer l’agression israélienne comme une “légitime défense” et condamnent les tenants de cette position, ainsi que tous ceux qui aident l’État colonial israélien à échapper à la responsabilité devant la Cour Pénale Internationale, et les considèrent comme complices de l’agression contre le peuple palestinien, qui lutte depuis des décennies pour ses droits légitimes et inviolables, tels qu’ils sont garantis par le Droit International, à commencer par son droit à l’indépendance.

Les signataires saluent le peuple palestinien qui résiste pour défendre sa patrie, et ils saluent sa lutte courageuse pour conquérir la liberté.

Les signataires appellent toutes les organisations et institutions internationales qui défendent les Droits Humains et les Droits des Peuples :

  • à intervenir auprès de leurs gouvernements pour faire pression sur l’Etat d’occupation afin qu’il cesse son agression qui vise les populations civiles, en en premier lieu les enfants, les femmes et les personnes âgées.
  • à intervenir d’une façon urgente et immédiate auprès des organisations internationales, en particulier l’Organisation des Nations Unies, pour les inviter :
    • à assumer leur rôle dans l’arrêt immédiat et définitif des attaques israéliennes qui se répètent régulièrement, et cela en obligeant l’occupant à se conformer aux résolutions de la légitimité internationale.
    • à mettre fin à leur politique de ‘deux poids / deux mesures’ dans le traitement des droits du peuple palestinien.
    • à déclarer l’embargo du commerce des armes avec l’État d’occupation et d’apartheid, car cela menace la paix et la sécurité internationales, et à appeler à la cessation de toutes relations commerciales avec cet Etat.
    • à tout mettre en œuvre pour que les États signataires de la Quatrième Convention de Genève de 1949 tiennent leurs engagements en condamnant les graves violations telles que définies par les termes de la convention,
    • à obliger la puissance occupante à se conformer aux règles du Droit International Humanitaire, et à assumer son obligation internationale de protéger la population civile, en plus de lui assurer la satisfaction de ses besoins en matière de produits de première nécessité, à commencer par les produits et équipements médicaux et le carburant – ceci concerne en premier lieu les résidents de la bande de Gaza – et cela conformément aux articles (55) et (56) de la IVième Convention.
    • à faire pression sur l’entité israélienne par des décisions du Conseil de Sécurité prises sur la base du Chapitre VII de la Charte des Nations Unies, de manière à exiger de la puissance occupante la levée immédiate du blocus de la Bande de Gaza.
    • à exiger la fin de toutes les mesures d’annexion de fait effectuées par l’État d’apartheid, que ce soit à Jérusalem occupée ou dans le reste de la Cisjordanie. Cette annexion qui s’effectue par le déplacement forcé de la population palestinienne locale, par l’expansion des colonies, en violation du Droit Humanitaire International. Cette violation s’étend à l’atteinte aux lieux spirituels commise par l’Etat d’apartheid.
    • à obliger l’Etat d‘occupation et d‘apartheid à mettre fin à sa pratique étendue des exécutions extrajudiciaires.

Les signataires appellent les organisations et institutions qui luttent pour les droits des femmes

  • à agir pour la sécurité et la paix, sur la base de la résolution 1325 du Conseil de sécurité et des résolutions connexes, ainsi que des recommandations générales de la commission pour l’élimination de toutes les formes de discrimination à l’égard des femmes, de la Quatrième Convention et du Premier Protocole additionnel aux Conventions de Genève, ainsi que des normes du Droit International Humanitaire et du Programme d’action de Pékin de 1995, pour assurer la sécurité et la protection de tout le peuple palestinien.

Les signataires appellent l’Autorité Palestinienne à saisir immédiatement la Cour Pénale Internationale dans le but de tenir l’occupation comme responsable de ses crimes, et ils soulignent l’importance d’utiliser toutes les ressources de la justice internationale pour assurer la non-impunité des criminels de guerre sionistes, sur la base du principe de Droit Humanitaire International qui énonce que les crimes de guerre sont imprescriptibles.

Les signataires appellent les peuples arabes, les institutions des droits humains, les organisations civiles, les partis politiques et syndicats, en particulier les institutions féminines, dans les pays qui ont adhéré à la soi-disant “Déclaration de Jérusalem”, à faire pression sur leurs gouvernements en vue qu’ils se retirent d’une telle annonce, qui a ouvert la voie à l’actuelle agression.

199 Redes y Organizaciones de Derechos Humanos Llaman

Frenar la agresión sionista contra Gaza y levantar la cobertura internacional y árabe sobre ella

Y proteger al pueblo palestino de los continuos ataques contra él

Las agresiones de la entidad sionista de ocupación, el régimen colonial de colonos y el régimen del apartheid, se están intensificando contra el pueblo palestino, bajo la complicidad internacional y el desprecio de las instituciones de las Naciones Unidas y la caída de algunos regímenes árabes que se apresuran hacia la normalización con él. Los gobiernos de ocupación han explotado este silencio para persistir en sus políticas represivas y consolidar su proyecto de sometimiento al continuar violando los derechos nacionales y políticos del pueblo palestino y confiscando su derecho a existir, ya que la potencia ocupante persiste en su negación del derecho de los palestinos a la libertad y la independencia nacional, como el resto de los pueblos del mundo.

Mencionamos los crímenes de esta agresión y los ataques anteriores contra Gaza, por ejemplo, la agresión en mayo de 2021, en la que murieron 240 palestinos, incluidos 151 civiles, y la agresión de 2014, que resultó en la muerte de un total de 2.192 palestinos, incluidos 524 niños. Estos actos delictivos constituyen una violación flagrante de la Carta de las Naciones Unidas y del derecho internacional público, así como del derecho internacional humanitario, las normas internacionales de derechos humanos y todas las normas internacionales, y se consideran crímenes de agresión, crímenes de guerra, crímenes de lesa humanidad, crímenes de genocidio, terrorismo y otros actos tipificados como delito por el derecho internacional.

En el contexto de su agresión y su búsqueda de exportar sus crisis internas, el gobierno de la agresión y el apartheid inició una nueva agresión contra los palestinos, dirigida contra mujeres, niños y ancianos sin discriminación. A fin de trasladar la crisis de su régimen, allanó el camino para esta nueva agresión brutal contra Gaza y los ataques anteriores en la Ribera Occidental, especialmente en Jerusalén, Yenín y Naplusa, junto con una aceleración del ritmo de normalización con algunos regímenes árabes y la firma de la llamada “Declaración de Jerusalén”.  formar una tapadera política para su agresión contra el pueblo palestino.

La agresión del viernes 5 de agosto contra Gaza tuvo como objetivo a civiles, instalaciones civiles y perturbar la vida en la Franja de Gaza. La que ha sido sometida a un asedio asfixiante durante diecisiete años, y a condiciones de vida que privan a las personas de su derecho a la vida, que están prohibidas como actos inhumanos que violan todas las reglas y normas del derecho internacional.

Los firmantes expresan su negativa a considerar la agresión israelí como “autodefensa” y condenan a quienes apoyan esta posición, y a todos aquellos que ayudan al Estado colonial israelí a evadir la rendición de cuentas ante la Corte Penal Internacional, y los consideran cómplices de la agresión contra el pueblo palestino, que ha estado luchando, durante décadas, por sus derechos legítimos e inviolables.  desechables por los medios garantizados por el derecho internacional para la libertad y la independencia.

Los signatarios saludan al firme pueblo palestino en su patria y saludan la valiente resistencia a obtener la libertad y la independencia.

En consecuencia, los abajo firmantes piden:

  1. Intervención urgente e inmediata de las organizaciones internacionales, especialmente de las Naciones Unidas, para activar su papel en poner fin definitivamente a la continuación de los repetidos ataques israelíes y obligarlas a acatar las resoluciones de legitimidad internacional.
  2. Poner fin a la política de doble estándar en el tratamiento de los derechos del pueblo palestino.
  3. No exportar armas al Estado ocupante y de apartheid, y detener las relaciones comerciales con él, ya que amenaza la paz y la seguridad internacional.
  4. Aplicación de los Estados signatarios del Cuarto Convenio de Ginebra de 1949, respetando sus obligaciones de condenar estas graves violaciones en virtud del acuerdo, y obligando a la potencia ocupante a cumplir con las normas del derecho internacional humanitario y a proporcionar protección internacional a la población civil, además de satisfacer las necesidades básicas, especialmente suministros médicos y combustible, para los residentes de la Franja de Gaza, de conformidad con los artículos (55) y (56) del Acuerdo.
  5. La intervención inmediata de todas las organizaciones e instituciones internacionales alineadas con los derechos humanos y de los pueblos con sus gobiernos para presionar al gobierno ocupante para que detenga su agresión contra civiles, niños, mujeres y ancianos.
  6. Levantar inmediatamente el asedio a la Franja de Gaza presionando a la entidad israelí y pidiendo al Consejo de Seguridad que adopte una decisión basada en el Capítulo VII de la Carta de las Naciones Unidas que obliga a la potencia ocupante a levantar inmediatamente el asedio.
  7. Activando la labor de las instituciones que adoptan el programa de la agenda de la mujer, la seguridad y la paz sobre la base de la resolución 1325 del Consejo de Seguridad y las resoluciones conexas, las recomendaciones generales de la Convención sobre la eliminación de todas las formas de discriminación Nº 30 y Nº 35, el Cuarto Convenio de Ginebra, el Primer Protocolo Adicional a los Convenios de Ginebra, así como las normas del derecho internacional humanitario y la Plataforma de Acción de Beijing de 1995, proporcionar seguridad y protección a todo el pueblo palestino.
  8. La Autoridad Palestina debe acudir de inmediato a la Corte Penal Internacional para que haga rendir cuentas a la ocupación por los crímenes sufridos, y se subraya la importancia de utilizar todos los medios de justicia internacional basados en el principio de la rendición de cuentas por la ocupación y el principio de no impunidad para los criminales de guerra sionistas.
  9. Los pueblos árabes, los derechos humanos y las instituciones civiles, los partidos políticos y sindicales, las instituciones de mujeres, en los países que se unieron a la llamada Declaración de Jerusalén, se movieron para presionar a sus gobiernos para que se retiraran de tal anuncio, lo que allanó el camino para la agresión actual.
  10. Detener todas las medidas reales de anexión tomadas por el estado de apartheid, ya sea en la Jerusalén ocupada o en el resto de Cisjordania, como el desplazamiento forzoso de palestinos locales bajo el derecho internacional humanitario, la expansión de los asentamientos coloniales y la manipulación de lugares sagrados, y el cese de las ejecuciones extrajudiciales.

Name in Arabic Name in English Name in French No.
الاتحاد العام التونسي للشغل Tunisian General Labor Union Union générale tunisienne du travail 1.     
التنسيقية المغاربية لمنظمات حقوق الإنسان(تضم 26 منظمة حقوقية في المغرب وموريتانيا والجزائر وتونس وليبيا) Coordination for Maghreb Human Rights Organizations (include 26 HR organizations from Morocco, Mauretania, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya) Coordination Maghrébine  des Organisations des Droits de humains (dont 26 organisations RH du Maroc, de la Mauritanie, de l’Algérie, de la Tunisie et de la Libye 2.     
الإئتلاف المغربي لهيئات حقوق الإنسان (وتضم 23 هيئة) The Moroccan Coalition for Human Rights Bodies (includes 20 Moroccan human rights organizations) La Coalition marocaine pour les organes des droits de l’homme (comprend 20 organisations marocaines de défense des droits de l’homme) 3.     
اتحاد المرأة التونسية Tunisian Women’s Union Union des femmes tunisiennes 4.     
اتحاد النقابات العمالية المستقلة الأردني The Jordan Federation of the independent Trade Unions La Fédération jordanienne des syndicats indépendants 5.     
اتحاد لجان المرأة العاملة الفلسطينية Union of Palestinian Working Women’s Committees Union des comités des travailleuses palestiniennes 6.     
الائتلاف التونسي لإلغاء عقوبة الإعدام Tunisian Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty Coalition tunisienne pour l’abolition de la peine de mort 7.     
الإئتلاف الحقوقي لوقف العدوان ورفع الحصار وبناء السلام في اليمن(يضم 10 منظمات من عشر بلدان عربية) The Human Rights Coalition to Stop the Aggression, Lift the Siege, and Build Peace in Yemen (includes 10 organizations from ten Arab countries) La Coalition des droits de l’homme pour arrêter l’agression, lever le siège et construire la paix au Yémen (comprend 10 organisations de dix pays arabes) 8.     
الإئتلاف المصري لحقوق الطفل(يضم 100 مؤسسة) Egyptian Coalition for Child Rights (includes 180 institutions) Coalition égyptienne pour les droits de l’enfant (comprend 180 institutions) 9.     
الائتلاف الوطني لمنظمات المجتمع المدني باليمن The National Coalition of Civil Society Organizations in Yemen La Coalition nationale des organisations de la société civile au Yémen 10.   
تجمع الأطباء الفلسطينيين في  أوروبا The Palestinian Doctors Association in Europe L’Association des médecins palestiniens en Europe 11.   
التجمع الأكاديمي في لبنان لدعم فلسطين/لبنان The Academic Assembly for the support of Palestine-Lebanon L’Assemblée académique pour le soutien de la Palestine-Liban 12.   
التجمع الثقافي النسائي من أجل الديمقراطية/العراق Women’s Cultural Assembly for Democracy / Iraq Assemblée culturelle des femmes pour la démocratie / Iraq 13.   
التجمع الثقافي من أجل الديمقراطية/العراق Cultural Rally for Democracy / Iraq Rassemblement culturel pour la démocratie / Irak 14.   
تجمع المؤسسات الأهلية (تضم 50 جمعية)/لبنان Association of NGOs (includes 50 associations)/Lebanon Association des ONG (comprend 50 associations)/Liban 15.   
التحالف الأردني لمناهضة عقوبة الإعدام Jordan Coalition Against the Death Penalty Coalition jordanienne contre la peine de mort 16.   
التحالف الدولي للسلام وحقوق الإنسان في الشرق الأوسط والوطن /العراق The International Alliance for Peace and Human Rights in the Middle East and Homeland/Iraq L’Alliance internationale pour la paix et les droits de l’homme au Moyen-Orient et dans la patrie/Ira 17.   
التحالف السوري لمناهضة عقوبة الإعدام(SCODP) Syrian Coalition Against the Death Penalty (SCODP) Coalition syrienne contre la peine de mort (SCODP) 18.   
التحالف العراقي لمناهضة عقوبة الإعدام Iraqi Coalition Against the Death Penalty Coalition irakienne contre la peine de mort 19.   
التحالف العراقي لمنظمات حقوق الإنسان (يضم 55 منظمة حقوقية) The Iraqi Alliance for Human Rights Organizations (includes 55 organizations) L’Alliance irakienne pour les organisations des droits de l’homme (comprend 55 organisations) 20.   
التحالف العربي لمناهضة عقوبة الإعدام(يضم 9 تحالفات في 8 دول عربية) The Arab Coalition against the Death Penalty(includes 9 coalitions in 8 countries) La Coalition arabe contre la peine de mort (comprend 9 coalitions dans 8 pays) 21.   
التحالف المصري لحقوق الإنسان والتنمية(يضم 550 جمعية)/مصر The Egyptian Coalition for Human Rights and Development (includes 550 organizations)/Egypt La Coalition égyptienne pour les droits de l’homme et le développement (comprend 550 organisations)/Égypte 22.   
التحالف النسوي السوري لتفعيل قرار مجلس الأمن 1325 Syrian Feminist Alliance to activate Security Council Resolution 1325 L’Alliance féministe syrienne va activer la résolution 1325 du Conseil de sécurité 23.   
التحالف اليمني لمناهضة عقوبة الإعدام Yemeni Coalition Against the Death Penalty Coalition yéménite contre la peine de تmort 24.   
تمكين للمساعدة القانونية وحقوق الإنسان/الأردن Tamkeen Legal Aid & Human Rights/Jordan Tamkeen Legal Aid & Human Rights/Jordanie 25.   
جمعية ابن رشد للتنمية والديمقراطية/العراق Ibn Rushd Association for Development and Democracy / Iraq Association Ibn Rushd pour le développement et la démocratie / Irak 26.   
جمعية أصدقاء المعوقين في لبنان Friends of the Handicapped Association in Lebanon Association des Amis des Handicapés au Liban 27.   
الجمعية الأردنية لحقوق الإنسان The Jordan Society for Human Rights La Société jordanienne des droits de l’homme 28.   
جمعية البراعم للعمل الخيري والاجتماعي/لبنان Baraem Association for Social Work/Lebanon Association Baraem pour le travail social/Liban 29.   
جمعية التراث الوطني الفلسطيني في لبنان The Palestinian National Heritage Society in Lebanon La Société palestinienne du patrimoine national au Liban 30.   
جمعية التضامن المدني-المنوسط تونس Civil Solidarity Association / Tunis Association solidarité laïque Tunisie/ Tunis 31.   
جمعية التنمية والدراسات الإستراتيجية/ تونس Association for Development and Strategic Studies /Tunisia Association pour le développement et les études stratégiques/ Tunisie 32.   
الجمعية التونسية للإنصاف والعدالة الاجتماعية والكرامة الإنسانية Association tunisienne pour l’équité, la justice sociale et la dignité humaine Association tunisienne pour l’équité, la justice sociale et la dignité humaine 33.   
الجمعية التونسية للحراك الثقافي Tunisian Association for Cultural Action ATAC Association Tunisienne de l’Action Culturelle 34.   
الجمعية التونسية للنساء الديمقراطيات Tunisian Association of Democratic Women Association Tunisienne des Femmes Démocrates 35.   
جمعية الحقوقيين الأردنيين Jordanian Jurists Association / Jordan Association des juristes jordaniens / Jordanie 36.   
جمعية الدفاع عن حقوق الإنسان بالمغرب(ASDHOM) Association pour la Défense des Droits de l’Homme au Maroc (ASDHOM) Association pour la Défense des Droits de l’Homme au Maroc (ASDHOM) 37.   
جمعية السنديان/الأردن Oak Society/Jordan Société du chêne / Jordanie 38.   
جمعية السيدات العاملات/الأردن

 

Working Women’s Association/Jordan Association des femmes travailleuses/Jordanie 39.   
جمعية الشبكة الثقافية الدولية من أجل فلسطين/لبنان Association of the International Cultural Network for Palestine Association du Réseau Culturel International pour la Palestine 40.   
جمعية الشتات الفلسطيني في السويد Palestinian Diaspora Association in Sweden

 

Association de la diaspora palestinienne en Suède 41.   
جمعية القدس الثقافية الاجتماعية /لبنان Alquds Cultural and Social Association Association culturelle et sociale Alquds 42.   
الجمعية اللبنانية لدعم قانون المقاطعة/لبنان Lebanese Association for Boycott Support

 

Association libanaise de soutien au boycott 43.   
الجمعية اللبنانية للحقوقيين الديمقراطيين Lebanese Association of Democratic Jurists Association libanaise des juristes démocrates 44.   
جمعية المرأة البحرينية Bahraini Women’s Association Association des femmes de Bahreïn 45.   
جمعية المرأة الحديثة/تونس Modern Women’s Association / Tunisia Association des Femmes Modernes / Tunisie 46.   
جمعية المرأة العاملة الفلسطينية للتنمية/فلسطين

 

Palestinian Working Woman Society for Development PWWSD”

 

Association des travailleuses palestiniennes pour le développement

 

47.   
جمعية المرأة للتنمية والتطوير النسوي/ اليمن Women’s Association for Women’s Development and Development/ Yemen Association des femmes pour le développement et le développement des femmes/Yémen 48.   
الجمعية المصرية للتنمية العلمية والتكنولوجية Egyptian Association for Scientific and Technology Development Association égyptienne pour le développement scientifique et technologique 49.   
الجمعية المغربية لحقوق الإنسان Moroccan Association for Human Rights Association Marocaine des Droits de l’Homme 50.   
الجمعية المغربية للنساء التقدميات The Moroccan Association for Women Progressive L’Association Marocaine des Femmes Progressistes 51.   
جمعية الملتقى الثقافي الجامعي /لبنان University Cultural Forum Association

 

Association Forum Culturel Universitaire 52.   
جمعية المنتدى الاقتصادي الاجتماعي للنساء/ الأردن Association of the Economic and Social Forum for Women / Jordan Association du Forum économique et social pour les femmes / Jordanie 53.   
الجمعية الموريتانية لحقوق الإنسان Association mauritanienne des droits de l’homme Association mauritanienne des droits de l’homme 54.   
جمعية النجاح النسوية/ اليمن An-Najah Women’s Association / Yemen Association des femmes d’An-Najah / Yémen 55.   
جمعية النساء العربيات/الأردن Arab Women Organization-Jordan Organisation des femmes arabes-Jordanie 56.   
جمعية أمي للحقوق والتنمية/مصر Amy Association for Rights and Development/Egypt Association Amy pour les droits et le développement/Égypte 57.   
جمعية أنا إنسان لحقوق المعوقين/ الأردن Ana Insan Association for the Rights of the Disabled/ Jordan Association Ana Insan pour les droits des personnes handicapées / Jordanie 58.   
جمعية تنمية المرأة الريفية/فلسطين Rural Women Development Association / Palestine Association pour le développement des femmes rurales / Palestine 59.   
جمعية تنمية ذوي الاحتياجات الخاصة / اليمن Association for the Development of People with Special Needs / Yemen Association pour le développement des personnes ayant des besoins spéciaux / Yémen 60.   
جمعية جذور لحقوق المواطن/ الأردن Jothor Society for Human Rights-Jordan Société Jothor pour les droits de l’homme-Jordanie 61.   
جمعية جسور المواطنة تونس Free SightAssociation/Tunisia Joussour de Citoyenneté/ Tunisie 62.   
جمعية حماية لحقوق الإنسان والتنمية/مصر Hemaya Association for Human Rights and Development/Egypt Association Hemaya pour les droits humains et le développement/Égypte 63.   
جمعية خوسيه مارتي للتضامن العربي الامريكي اللاتيني Jose Marti Association for Arab-Latin American Solidarity Association José Marti pour la solidarité arabo-latino-américaine 64.   
جمعية راشل كوري للتضامن بين الشعوب Rachel Corrie Association for Solidarity Among Peoples Association Rachel Corrie pour la solidarité entre les peuples 65.   
جمعية راصد لحقوق الإنسان/لبنان Rasid Association for Human Rights/ Lebanon Association Rasid pour les droits de l’homme / Liban 66.   
جمعية رؤى نسائية/ الأردن Roaa Women Association-Jordan Association des femmes Roaa-Jordanie 67.   
جمعية رؤية حرة/تونس Free Vision Association / Tunisia Association Vision Libre / Tunisie 68.   
جمعية شبكة المرأة لدعم المرأة/ الأردن Women’s Network Society  for Women Support/ Jordan Réseau de femmes pour le soutien aux femmes/Jordanie 69.   
جمعية شموع للمساواة/المغرب Candles Association for Equality/Morocco Association Bougiés pour l’Egalité/Maroc 70.   
جمعية فتاة الريف/البحرين Country Girl Association / Bahrain Country Girl Association / Bahreïn 71.   
جمعية مدرسة الأمهات/فلسطين Mothers School Association /Palestine Association Ecole des Mères/ Palestine 72.   
جمعية معهد تضامن النساء الأردني Association of the Jordanian Women’s Solidarity Institute Association de l’Institut de solidarité des femmes jordaniennes 73.   
جمعية ملتقى تنمية المرأة/مصر Women Development Forum Association / Egypt Women Development Forum Association / Egypte 74.   
جمعية منتدى الشرق للحرية والسلام/لبنان Orient Forum Association for Freedom and Peace Association Forum d’Orient pour la liberté et la paix 75.   
جمعية منتدى عمان لحقوق الإنسان/ الأردن Amman Society Forum for Human Rights Forum de la société d’Amman pour les droits de l’homme 76.   
جمعية نساء من أجل القدس /لبنان Women’s Association for Alquds Association des femmes pour Alquds 77.   
جمعية وشم/تونس Tattoo Association/Tunisia Association de tatouage/Tunisie 78.   
جمعية يقظة من أجل الديمقراطية والدولة المدنية /تونس Vigil for Democracy and the Civil State / Tunisia Veillée pour la Démocratie et l’Etat Civil / Tunisie 79.   
الحركة العالمية للدفاع عن الأطفال فرع فلسطين Defense for Children International – Palestine Défense des Enfants International – Palestine 80.   
حماية المدافعين عن حقوق الإنسان في العالم العربي (فرنسا) Protection of human rights defenders in the Arab world (France) Protection des défenseurs des droits de l’homme dans le monde arabe (France) 81.   
حماية المدافعين عن حقوق الإنسان في العالم العربي/ فرنسا Protecting human rights defenders around the Arab world/ France Protéger les défenseurs des droits humains dans le monde/ France 82.   
الحملة الدولية لفك الحصار عن اليمن The International Campaign to End the Siege on Yemen La Campagne internationale pour mettre fin au siège du Yémen 83.   
دار الخدمات النقابية والعمالية/مصر House of Trade Union and Labor Services / Egypt Maison des syndicats et des services du travail / Égypte 84.   
الرابطة التونسية للتسامح Tunisian League for Tolerance Ligue tunisienne pour la tolérance 85.   
الرابطة التونسية للدفاع عن حقوق الإنسان The Tunisian League for the Defense of Human Rights La Ligue tunisienne de défense des droits de l’homme 86.   
الرابطة الجزائرية للدفاع عن حقوق الإنسان The Algerian League for Defense Human Rights La Ligue algérienne de défense des droits de l’homme 87.   
رابطة النساء معيلات الأسر من موريتانيا Association of Women Heads of Families from Mauritania Association des femmes chefs de famille de Mauritanie 88.   
رابطة مدربي حقوق الإنسان العراقية Iraqi League for Human Rights Trainers Irakien Ligue des formateurs des droits de l’homme 89.   
رواد الحرية للتدريب على النزاهة وحقوق الإنسان/ الأردن Freedom Pioneers for Integrity and Human Rights Training / Jordan Pionniers de la liberté pour la formation à l’intégrité et aux droits de l’homme / Jordanie 90.   
الشبكة الأردنية لحقوق الإنسان والشعوب(تضم 11 منظمة) The Jordanian Network for Human and Peoples’ Rights (includes 11 organizations) Le Réseau jordanien pour les droits de l’homme et des peuples (comprend 11 organisations) 91.   
الشبكة الديمقراطية المغربية للتضامن مع الشعوب(تضم 38 هيئة) The Moroccan Democratic Network for Solidarity with the Peoples(includes 38  Commission) Le Réseau Démocratique Marocain de Solidarité avec les Peuples (comprend 38  Commission) 92.   
الشبكة العالمية للدفاع عن الشعب الفلسطيني Global Network for the Defense of the Palestinian People Réseau mondial pour la défense du peuple palestinien 93.   
الشبكة العربية لمدربي حقوق الإنسان The Arab Human Rights Trainers Network Le réseau arabe des formateurs des droits de l’homme 94.   
شبكة المتطوعين للتنمية وحقوق الإنسان/مصر Volunteers Network for Development and Human Rights/Egyp Réseau des Volontaires pour le Développement et les Droits de l’Homme/Egypte 95.   
شبكة المرأة للسلام والأمن/ اليمن Women’s Peace and Security Network (Yemen) Réseau des femmes pour la paix et la sécurité (Yémen) 96.   
شبكة المساءلة الاجتماعية بالمغرب Réseau de Responsabilité Sociale au Maroc Réseau de Responsabilité Sociale au Maroc 97.   
الشبكة الوطنية السورية للسلم الأهلي والأمان المجتمعي The Syrian National Network for Civil Peace and Community Safety. Le Réseau national syrien pour la paix civile et la sécurité communautaire. 98.   
الفدرالية السورية لمنظمات وهيئات حقوق الإنسان The Syrian Federation of Human Rights Organizations and Bodies La Fédération syrienne des organisations et organismes de défense des droits de l’homme 99.   
لجان الدفاع عن حقوق الإنسان والحريات الديمقراطية في سورية Committees for the Defense of Democratic Freedoms and Human Rights in Syria (LDH) Commissions pour la défense des libertés démocratiques et des droits de l’homme en Syrie (LDH) 100.    
لجنة الحريات العامة وحقوق الإنسان /نقابة المحامين الفلسطينيين Committee on Public Freedoms and Human Rights / Palestinian Bar Association Commission des libertés publiques et des droits de l’homme / Barreau palestinien 101.    
اللجنة الطبية السورية/باريس Syrian Medical Committee/Paris Commission médicale syrienne/Paris 102.    
اللجنة العربية لحقوق الإنسان/باريس Arab Commission for Human Rights Commission Arabe des Droits Humains 103.    
اللجنة الكردية لحقوق الإنسان في سوريا (الراصد) The Kurdish Committee for Human Rights in Syria (Al Rased). Le Comité kurde des droits de l’homme en Syrie (A Rasid). 104.    
لجنة اليقظة من أجل الديمقراطية في تونس ببلجيكا The Vigilance Committee for Democracy in Tunisia / Belgium Le Comité de Vigilance pour la Démocratie en Tunisie – Belgique

 

105.    
اللجنة من أجل احترام حقوق الإنسان في تونس The Committee for the Respect of Human Rights in Tunisia Le Comité pour le respect des droits de l’homme en Tunisie 106.    
المجلس الدولي لدعم المحاكمات العادلة وحقوق الإنسان ICSFT The International Council Supporting Fair Trials and Human Rights (ICSFT) Le Conseil international de soutien aux procès équitables et aux droits de l’homme (ICSFT) 107.    
المجلس الدولي للاغاثة والتنمية International Council for Relief and Development Conseil international de secours et de développement 108.    
المجلس العالمي للحقوق والحريات/اليمن Yemeni Council for Rights and Freedoms / Yemen Conseil yéménite des droits et libertés / Yémen 109.    
المجلس النرويجي للتسامح/مملكة النرويج Norwegian Council for Tolerance/Kingdom of Norway Conseil norvégien pour la tolérance/Royaume de Norvège 110.    
المجلس النسائي اللبناني( يضم 150 منظمة) Lebanese Council of Women (includes 150 organization) Conseil libanais des femmes (comprend 150 organisations) 111.    
محامو العدالة مؤسسة تعنى بالحقوق والحريات/ اليمن Lawyers for Justice /Yemen Avocats pour la justice /Yémen 112.    
المدرسة الديمقراطية/اليمن Democratic School/Yemen École démocratique/Yémen 113.    
المرصد الدولي لتوثيق انتهاكات حقوق الإنسان/الأرجنتين International Observatory for Documentation of Human Rights Violations/ Argentina Observatoire international pour la documentation des violations des droits de l’homme / Argentine 114.    
مرصد العالم العربي للديمقراطية والانتخابات(المرصد) Arab World Observatory for Democracy and Elections Observatoire du monde arabe pour la démocratie et les élections 115.    
المرصد العربي لحقوق الإنسان والمواطنة /لبنان Arab Observatory human rights and citizens Observatoire arabe des droits de l’homme et des citoyens 116.    
المرصد الفرنسي لحقوق الإنسان/باريس French Observatory for Human Rights/Paris French Observatory for Human Rights/Paris 117.    
مركز إعلام حقوق الإنسان والديمقراطية “شمس”/فلسطين Human Rights & Democracy Media Center  “SHAMS”/Palestine Centre des médias des droits de l’homme et de la démocratie « SHAMS »/Palestine 118.    
مركز الإرشاد النفسي والاجتماعي للمرأة/فلسطين Women’s Psychosocial Counseling Center/Palestine Centre de conseil psychosocial pour femmes/Palestine 119.    
مركز الإعلاميات العربيات/الأردن Arab Women Media Center / Jordan Centre des médias des femmes arabes / Jordanie 120.    
مركز البيت العربي للبحوث والدراسات/مصر The Arab House Center for Research and Studies/Egypt The Arab House Center for Research and Studies / Égypte 121.    
مركز الخيام لتأهيل ضحايا التعذيب/لبنان Khiam Rehabilitation Center for Victims of Torture-Lebanon Khiam Centre de réadaptation pour les victimes de la torture-Liban 122.    
مركز الدراسات النسوية/ فلسطين

 

Women’s Studies Center/ Palestine Centre d’études sur les femmes/Palestine 123.    
المركز الدولي لدعم الحقوق والحريات- جمعية سويسرية International Center for the Promotion of Rights and Freedoms – Swiss Association Centre International pour la Promotion des Droits et Libertés – Association Suisse 124.    
المركز العربي الأوروبي لحقوق الإنسان والقانون الدولي/ النرويج The Arab European Center for Human Rights and International Law / Norway Centre arabe européen pour les droits de l’homme et le droit international / Norvège 125.    
مركز العمل التنموي-معا/فلسطين Development Action Center – Ma’an / Palestine Centre d’action pour le développement – Ma’an / Palestine 126.    
المركز الفلسطيني لقضايا السلام والديمقراطية/فلسطين Palestinian Centre for Peace and Democracy PCPD

 

Centre palestinien pour les questions de paix et de démocratie 127.    
مركز القانون الدولي الإنساني وحقوق الإنسان/اليمن Center for International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights/Yemen Centre pour le droit international humanitaire et les droits de l’homme/Yémen 128.    
مركز القدس للمساعدة القانونية وحقوق الإنسان/فلسطين Jerusalem Center for Legal Aid and Human Rights/Palestine Centre d’aide juridique et des droits de l’homme de Jérusalem/Palestine 129.    
مركز تفوق الاستشاري للتنمية/البحرين Excellence Center for Development Consulting/Bahrain Centre d’excellence pour le conseil en développement / Bahreïn 130.    
مركز حقوق الإنسان للذاكرة والأرشيف/المغرب Human Rights Center for Memory and Archives/Morocco Centre des droits de l’homme pour la mémoire et les archives/Maroc 131.    
مركز دراسات النوع الاجتماعي-الجندر /السودان Center for Gender Studies – Gender / Sudan Centre d’études sur le genre – Genre / Soudan 132.    
مركز دمشق للدراسات النظرية والحقوقية المدنية Damascus Center for Theoretical and Civil Studies Centre de Damas pour les études théoriques et civiles 133.    
مركز عمان لدراسات حقوق الإنسان/الأردن Amman Center for Human Rights Studies (ACHRS) Amman Centre d’études sur les droits de l’homme (ACHRS) 134.    
مركز عين لحقوق الإنسان/اليمن Ain Center for Human Rights/Yemen Ain Centre for Human Rights/Yémen 135.    
مركز مترو للدفاع عن حقوق الصحفيين/ العراق Metro Center for Defending the Rights of Journalists/ Iraq Centre métropolitain de défense des droits des journalistes/ Irak 136.    
المعهد الاسكندنافي لحقوق الإنسان/جنيف Scandinavian Institute of Human Rights/Geneva Institut Scandinave des Droits de l’Homme/Genève 137.    
معهد الخليج للديمقراطية وحقوق الإنسان Gulf Institute for Democracy and Human Rights Institut du Golfe pour la démocratie et les droits de l’homme 138.    
المعهد الدولي للسلام والعدالة وحقوق الإنسان/ جنيف International Institute for Peace, Justice and Human Rights/Geneva Institut international pour la paix, la justice et les droits de l’homme/Genève 139.    
المعهد الديمقرطي المصري للتوعية بالحقوق الدستورية والقانونية Egyptian Democratic Institute for Awareness of Constitutional and Legal Rights Institut démocratique égyptien pour la sensibilisation aux droits constitutionnels et juridiques 140.    
ملتقى الحوار للتنمية وحقوق الإنسان/مصر Dialogue Forum for Development and Human Rights / Egypt Forum de dialogue pour le développement et les droits de l’homme / Egypte 141.    
ملتقى حوران للمواطنة/سوريا Houran Forum for Citizenship/Syria Forum de Houran pour la citoyenneté/Syrie 142.    
منتدى إفوس للديمقراطية وحقوق الإنسان/المغرب Ifos Forum for Democracy and Human Rights/Morocco Forum Ifos pour la démocratie et les droits de l’homme/Maroc 143.    
منتدى البحرين لحقوق الإنسان Bahrain Forum for Human Rights Forum de Bahreïn pour les droits de l’homme 144.    
منتدى التجديد للفكر المواطني والديمقراطي / تونس Renewal Forum for Citizen and Democratic Thought / Tunisia Forum du Renouveau pour la Pensée Citoyenne et Démocratique / Tunisie 145.    
المنتدى الدولي للسلام وحقوق الإنسان/تونس International Forum for Peace and Human Rights/Tunisia Forum international pour la paix et les droits de l’homme/Tunisie 146.    
منتدى الشباب السياسية والاجتماعي/فلسطين Political and Social Youth Forum/Palestine Forum politique et social de la jeunesse/Palestine 147.    
منتدى الشقائق العربي لحقوق الإنسان/ اليمن Sisters Arab Forum for Human Rights (Yemen) Forum Soeurs arabe des droits de l’homme (Yémen) 148.    
المنتدى المدني القومي في السودان (يضم 54 منظمة مجتمع مدني) Sudanese National Civil Forum(includes 54 civil society organizations) / Sudan Le Forum civil au Soudan (qui comprend 54 organisations de la société civile) / Soudan 149.    
المنتدى المغربي للحقيقة والعدل((FMVJ Moroccan Forum for Truth and Justice (FMVJ) Forum marocain pour la vérité et la justice (FMVJ) 150.    
المنتدى المغربي من أجل الحقيقة والإنصاف Moroccan Forum for Truth and Equity Forum marocain pour la vérité et l’équité 151.    
المنظمة الافريقية لمراقبة حقوق الانسان/ المغرب African Organization for Human Rights Monitoring/Morocco Organisation Africaine de Surveillance des Droits de l’Homme/Maroc 152.    
منظمة البيان للمرأة والطفل/ليبيا Al-Bayan Organization for Women and Children/Libya Organisation Al-Bayan pour les femmes et les enfants/Libye 153.    
المنظمة التونسية لمناهضة التعذيب The Tunisian Organization against Torture Organisation tunisienne contre la torture 154.    
منظمة الدراسات والمعلومات الجندرية/العراق Gender Studies and Information Organization / Iraq Organisation d’études et d’information sur le genre / Irak 155.    
منظمة الدفاع عن معتقلي الرأي في سورية-روانكة Organization for the Defense of Prisoners of Conscience in Syria – Rawanga Organisation pour la défense des prisonniers d’opinion en Syrie – Rawanga 156.    
المنظمة العربية لحقوق الإنسان في سورية The Arab Organization for Human Rights in Syria L’Organisation arabe des droits de l’homme en Syrie 157.    
المنظمة الكردية لحقوق الإنسان في سورية( DAD ) The Kurdish Organization for Human Rights in Syria (DAD) L’Organisation kurde pour les droits de l’homme en Syrie (DAD) 158.    
منظمة المبادرة الاجتماعية/سورية Social Initiative Organization / Syria Organisation d’Initiative Sociale / Syrie 159.    
منظمة المساعدات والتنمية ARDO /اليمن ARDO Aid and Development Organization/Yemen ARDO Organisation d’aide et de développement/Yémen 160.    
المنظمة المصرية لحقوق الإنسان Egyptian Organization for Human Rights Organisation égyptienne des droits de l’homme 161.    
منظمة الموئل للحقوق والتنمية/ اليمن Al Mouel Organization for Rights and Development / Yemen Organisation Al Mouel pour les Droits et le Développement / YémenLe Forum parallèle égyptien / États-Unis 162.    
المنظمة الوطنية لأمازونات / ليبيا National Organization of Amazonas / Libya Organisation nationale de l’Amazonas / Libye 163.    
المنظمة الوطنية لحقوق الإنسان في سورية National Organization for Human Rights in Syria Organisation nationale des droits de l’homme en Syrie 164.    
المنظمة اليمنية لحوار الأديان والثقافات Yemeni Organization for Dialogue of Religions and Cultures Organisation yéménite pour le dialogue des religions et des cultures 165.    
المنظمة اليمنية للعمل الإنساني/ اليمن Yemeni Organization for Humanitarian Action / Yemen Organisation yéménite pour l’action humanitaire / Yémen 166.    
منظمة انطلق للتنمية المستدامة/ليبيا Start Organization for Sustainable Development/Libya Start Organisation pour le développement durable/Libye 167.    
منظمة بيت الحرية للدفاع عن حقوق الإنسان ومحاربة العبودية ومخلفاتها/ موريتانيا Freedom House Organization to defend human rights and combat slavery and its remnants/ Mauritania Freedom House Organisation pour défendre les droits humains et combattre l’esclavage et ses vestiges/ Mauritanieا 168.    
منظمة حريات الإعلام والتعبير. حاتم/المغرب ORGANIZATION FOR FREEDOM OF MEDIAS AND EXPRESSION- OFME- HATIM / MOROCCO ORGANISATION POURLES LIBERTÉS DINFORMATION ET D’EXPRESSION-OLIE-HATIM/ MAROC 169.    
منظمة حقوق الانسان في سوريا- ماف Human Rights Organization in Syria- Maf Organisation des droits de l’homme en Syrie – Maf 170.    
منظمة حماية القانون وتعزيز السلم/ اليمن Organization for the Protection of Law and the Promotion of Peace / Yemen Organisation pour la protection du droit et la promotion de la paix / Yémen 171.    
منظمة ساوة لحقوق الإنسان /العراق Sawa Center for Human Rights / Iraq Centre Sawa pour les droits de l’homme / Irak 172.    
منظمة شباب الصحراء للتنمية وحقوق الإنسان/ليبيا Desert Youth Organization for Development and Human Rights / Libya Organisation des jeunes du désert pour le développement et les droits de l’homme / Libye 173.    
منظمة هيومنتي للإغاثة  والتنمية / اليمن Humanity Relief and Development Organization / Yemen Humanity Relief and Development Organization / Yémen 174.    
منظمة واي مي لحقوق الإنسان/ ليبيا Waymi Human Rights Organization/Libya Organisation des droits de l’homme Waymi/Libye 175.    
منظمة يمن للدفاع عن الحقوق والحريات الديمقراطية/اليمن Yemeni Organization for Defense Rights and Democratic Freedoms/Yemen Organisation yéménite pour les droits de la défense et les libertés démocratiques 176.    
مؤسسة البشائر لتنمية المرآة والطفل/ اليمن Al-Bashaer Foundation for the Development of Women and Children/Yemen Fondation Al-Bashaer pour le développement des femmes et des enfants/Yémen 177.    
مؤسسة الحق الحرية الرأي والتعبير وحقوق الإنسان/مصر Al-Haq Foundation for Freedom of Opinion and Expression and Human Rights/Egypt Fondation Al-Haq pour la liberté d’opinion et d’expression et les droits de l’homme/Égypte 178.    
مؤسسة السجين الوطنية/اليمن National Prisoner Foundation/Yemen Fondation nationale des prisonniers/Yémen 179.    
مؤسسة الشرق الأوسط للتنمية وحقوق الإنسان/اليمن The Middle East Foundation for Development and Human Rights (Yemen) La Fondation du Moyen-Orient pour le développement et les droits de l’homme (Yémen) 180.    
مؤسسة الضمير لحقوق الإنسان/غزة Addameer Foundation for Human Rights/Gaza Fondation Addameer pour les droits de l’homme/Gaza 181.    
مؤسسة الطيب للإغاثة والتنمية/ اليمن Al-Tayeb Foundation for Relief and Development / Yemen Fondation Al-Tayeb pour l’aide d’urgence et le développement / Yémen 182.    
مؤسسة العدالة والمواطنة لحقوق الإنسان/مصر Justice and Citizenship Foundation for Human Rights/Egypt Fondation justice et citoyenneté pour les droits de l’homme/Égypte 183.    
المؤسسة العربية لدعم المجتمع المدني وحقوق الإنسان/ مصر The Arab Foundation to support Civil Society and Human Rights/Egypt La Fondation arabe pour soutenir la société civile et les droits de l’homme / Égypte 184.    
المؤسسة الوطنية لمكافحة الاتجار بالبشر/اليمن National Foundation to Combat Human Trafficking/Yemen Fondation nationale de lutte contre la traite des êtres humains/Yémen 185.    
المؤسسة الوطنية لمكافحة التدخين والقات والمخدرات/ اليمن The National Foundation for Combating Smoking, Qat and Drugs/Yemen Fondation nationale de lutte contre le tabagisme, le qat et la drogue/Yémen 186.    
مؤسسة حيدرة للسلام والتنمية الانسانية/ اليمن Haidara Foundation for Peace and Human Development / Yemen Fondation Haidara pour la paix et le développement humain / Yémen 187.    
مؤسسة ريجين للتنمية وحقوق الإنسان/ اليمن Regen Foundation for Development and Human Rights/ Yemen Fondation Regen pour le développement et les droits de l’homme / Yémen 188.    
مؤسسة شركاء المستقبل للتنمية وحقوق الإنسان – اليمن Future Partners Foundation for Development and Human Rights – Yemen Future Partners Foundation for Development and Human Rights – Yémen 189.    
مؤسسة عدالة لحقوق الإنسان/ اليمن Justice Foundation for Human Rights / Yemen Justice Foundation for Human Rights / Yémen 190.    
مؤسسة قضايا المراة المصرية Egyptian Women’s Issues Foundation Fondation égyptienne pour les questions féminines 191.    
مؤسسة مدى لحقوق الإنسان/العراق Mada Foundation for Human Rights / Iraq Fondation Mada pour les Droits de l’Homme / Irak 192.    
نادي الصحافة بالمغرب Press Club in Morocco Club de la Presse au Maroc 193.    
النقابة الوطنية للصحفيين التونسيين National Syndicate of Tunisian Journalists Syndicat national des journalistes tunisiens 194.    
النهضة العربية للديمقراطية والتنمية-أرض/الأردن The Arab Renaissance for Democracy and Development-Ard/Jordan La Renaissance arabe pour la démocratie et le développement-Ard/Jordanie 195.    
الهيئة الأهلية لإستقلال القضاء/فلسطين The National Commission for the Independence of the Judiciary / Palestine La Commission Nationale pour l’Indépendance de la Magistrature / Palestine 196.    
الهيئة الدولية لدعم حقوق الشعب الفلسطيني”حشد” The International Commission for Supporting the Rights of the Palestinian People La Commission internationale pour le soutien des droits du peuple palestinien 197.    
هيئة الساحل للدفاع عن حقوق الإنسان/موريتانيا Sahel Authority for the Defense of Human Rights/Mauritania Autorité sahélienne de défense des droits de l’Homme/Mauritanie 198.    
الهيئة المغربية لحقوق الإنسان Moroccan Commission for Human Rights Commission marocaine des droits de l’homme 199.    

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ICSPR : killing of children and women and bombing of houses over the heads of their inhabitants; A well-established military doctrine of the Israeli occupation that reflects its intention to commit war crimes.

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Number: 90/2021

Date: 07 August 2022

 

Press Release

ICSPR : killing of children and women and bombing of houses over the heads of their inhabitants; A well-established military doctrine of the Israeli occupation that reflects its intention to commit war crimes.

The Israeli military forces continue their aggression and military operations in the Gaza Strip for the third day in a row, in which they deliberately and systematically target civilians and their civilian properties, especially residential homes located in densely populated neighborhoods, with the aim of killing children and women, displacing families and causing massive material damage in the surroundings. housing for these establishments.

Until 08:30 this morning, Sunday, 07 August 2022, the Israeli military attacks, according to Palestinian Ministry of Health statistics, caused the death of (29) civilians, including (06) children and (04) women; And 253 civilians were wounded, in addition to a large-scale destruction of a number of civilian facilities and houses that were targeted above the heads of their residents.

The escalation of the Israeli military operation in the Gaza Strip came amid the aggravation of the humanitarian crisis as a result of the strict siege imposed on the Gaza Strip by closing all border crossings, preventing the entry of fuel to the power station and the rest of humanitarian and medical supplies, in light of the fear of an imminent halt to the work of the health sector; Which portends a repetition of the same inhumane scenes that were punctuated by the previous Israeli military operations in the Gaza Strip.

The International Commission to Support Palestinian Rights (ICSPR) reaffirms the right of the Palestinian people to resist the occupier by all available means, as a right recognized in international law; Emphasizing that the Israeli military doctrine has diverted civilians and their property to legitimate goals, and renewed holding the Israeli occupation authorities responsible for the consequences of their ongoing aggression against Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip, in addition to the aggravation and deterioration of the humanitarian situation in the Gaza Strip; Therefore:

 

1-ICSPR deplores the continuation of double standards and the conspiracy of international and regional silence on the heinous crimes committed by the military occupation authorities.

 

2-ICSPR calls on the contracting states to the Fourth Geneva Convention to declare a clear and explicit stance towards Israel’s refusal to not comply and implement the agreement in the Palestinian territories and work hard to provide protection for civilians.

 

3-ICSPR calls on the Palestinian leadership to get out of the box of silence and alignment with its people by stopping security coordination with the occupier, withdrawing recognition of the occupying state, and enabling citizens of their rights to confront Israeli crimes.

 

4-ICSPR urges the international solidarity movement with the Palestinian people, and all Arab, regional and international organizations to move on all legal, political, diplomatic, human rights and popular levels, to ensure the protection of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip.

 

 5-ICSPR calls on the Office of the Public Prosecution at the International Criminal Court to include the crimes committed in the Gaza Strip in the course and file of the Israeli crimes being investigated, including moving forward and at a faster pace to start the preliminary investigations.

 

6-ICSPR calls for diplomatic and popular action to pressure governments around the world to carry out their moral and legal duties to stop targeting civilians, especially women and children, and targeting civilian facilities.

 

 

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Following the announcement of the suspension of the only power plant in the Gaza Strip

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Following the announcement of the suspension of the only power plant in the Gaza Strip

ICSPR : The Israeli aggression and siege exacerbate the humanitarian crisis in the Gaza Strip

The International Commission to Support Palestinian Rights (ICSPR) follows with great disapproval and concern the continuation of the aggression launched by the Israeli military occupation forces since the afternoon hours of yesterday, Friday, August 05, 2022; Until this statement is issued; According to the statistics of the Ministry of Health, he left (11) citizens dead; Among them, a girl and a woman; Extensive damage was caused to a number of civil facilities, citizens’ homes, and agricultural lands.

The Israeli aggression was preceded by nearly four days, an Israeli closure of all crossings, including the Karem Abu Salem crossing, which is the only crossing through which goods and commodities flow to the residents of the Gaza Strip, As a result, the process of pumping industrial diesel to the power plant, whose imminent cessation of work was announced, stopped completely at 12:00 noon today, Saturday, August 06, 2022; This will lead to the adoption of the electricity distribution schedule that is available by 04 hours, compared to 12 hours separated from the homes of citizens.

The fact that the only power plant in the Gaza Strip has stopped working means an exacerbation of the humanitarian crisis, depriving citizens of electricity-related services, and in particular weakening their ability to access potable water; It also affects the work of all vital sectors, including hospitals and sanitation.

The International Commission to Support Palestinian Rights (ICSPR) renews holding the Israeli occupation authorities responsible for the consequences of its ongoing aggression against Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip, and warns against the consequences of the aggravation and deterioration of the humanitarian situation in the Gaza Strip; Emphasizing that the Israeli siege measures are a form of collective punishment criminalized under international law; It considers that preventing the entry of fuel intended for the operation of the power plant is a clear violation of the rules of international humanitarian law that prohibits the occupying power from punishing civilians. It reaffirms the right of the Palestinian people to resist the occupier by all available means, as a right recognized in international law. Therefore:

1-ICSPR calls on the international community to put pressure on the Israeli occupation to stop its continuous aggression; Ending the blockade of the Gaza Strip by allowing goods and merchandise to flow in a stable manner and allowing the arrival of fuel designated for the power plant to ensure its restart, especially under the current exceptional circumstances.

2-ICSPR calls on the High Contracting Parties to the four Geneva Conventions, for the Secretary’s compliance with their moral and legal duties, to take urgent action to provide international protection for Palestinian civilians.

3-ICSPR urges the Office of the Public Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court to include the crimes committed in the Gaza Strip in the course and file of the Israeli crimes being investigated, including moving forward and at a faster pace to start the preliminary investigations.

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